CHAPTER X.

 

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TWENTY-SIXTH INFANTRY


Recruiting for the Twenty-sixth in Livingston County
Muster at Jackson
Presentation of Colors
Departure of the Regiment, and
arrival in Virginia
Provost Duty at Alexandria
"Our Camp Journal"
Death of Lieutenant Burch
at Alexandria
Movement to Suffolk, Virginia
Fight at Windsor and Death of
Captain Culver
Movement from Suffolk to the Peninsula, and thence to New York
Pleasant Camping at Tarrytown
Return to the Army of the Potomac
Aline Run
Winter Quarters Campaign of the Wilderness
Charge at Spottsylvania
North Anna, Tolopotomoy, and
Cold Harbor
Crossing of the James
Operations in front of Petersburg
Campaign of 1865 to close of the War
March to Washington and Grand Review
Muster Out and Return Home
Experience of a Soldier of the Twenty-sixth at Andersonville

 

Livingston County Members of the Twenty-sixth

     Two companies of the Twenty-sixth Infantry were raised almost entirely in Livingston County. In the summer of 1862 recruiting for a company was commenced by Stephen B. Burch and Washington W. Burch, of Pinckney, and Lucius H. Ives, of Unadilla, and the work of enlistment progressed so rapidly that the company was sufficiently filled for acceptance in August. The men of this company were largely from the south part of the county. The other Livingston company which joined the Twenty-sixth was raised principally in the north part of the county, the three men most interested in recruiting it being John C. Culver, of Hamburg; Edwin Hadley, now of Adrian; and Charles E. Grisson, of Hamburg. Mr. Hadley commenced enlisting men at Howell in the latter part of July or first part of August; the expectation being that the company when filled would join the Twenty-second Regiment, then in process of organization at Pontiac. The ranks were filled with comparative ease, and on the twentieth of August the company moved by way of Fentonville to the regimental rendezvous at Pontiac. Nine companies of the Twenty-second were already organized and mustered in, and there was room for but one more company,--a place which the men from Livingston fully expected to take, but were much disappointed to find that a company from another county--had already secured it, and that they must therefore be debarred from joining the regiment of their choice.

 

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The only alternative then presented was to join the Twenty-sixth Infantry, then organizing at Jackson, and this was finally decided on after some days of deliberation and inquiry.

     On the fourth of September the company left Pontiac and proceeded to Jackson, where, on the tenth of September, it was mustered and designated as P Company of the Twenty-sixth. Its first commissioned officers were:

John C. Culver, Captain
Edwin Hadley, First Lieutenant
Charles E. Grisson, Second Lieutenant.

     Their rank dated from September 1st. In the mean time the other Livingston company had preceded this to Jackson, and was mustered and designated as B Company of the Twenty-sixth; its commissioned officers (dating also from September 1st) being

Stephen B. Burch, Captain
Washington W. Burch, First Lieutenant
Lucius H. Ives, Second Lieutenant

     The Twenty-sixth was mustered as a regiment by Captain Mizner, U. S. A., with the following named field and staff officers, viz.:

Judson S. Farrar, Colonel
Henry H. Wells, Lieutenant-Colonel
William O'Donnell, Major
Ennis Church, Surgeon
Mahlon H. Raymond, Assistant Surgeon
Charles D. Fox, Adjutant
Charles E. Crane, Jr., Quartermaster
Jonathan Blanchard, Chaplain

     The ceremony of a presentation of colors to the regiment, while preparing for departure for the front, is thus described by General John Robertson in his "Flags of Michigan:"

     "While the Twenty-sixth was in camp at Jackson, and immediately preceding the march of the regiment to the front, it received from the fair hands of the ladies of Jackson a magnificent silk flag,--the field of blue, with letters of gold, The presentation speech was made in good taste by the Hon. Fidus Livermore, who had been commissioned by the Governor, as commander of the camp, to raise the regiment; and which was responded to in a patriotic manner by Colonel J. S. Farrar, commanding the regiment. The flag was borne by the Twenty-sixth through many sanguinary fields, and what is left of it is now in the archives of the State."

     The regiment, nine hundred strong, left Jackson on the thirteenth of December, 1862, and proceeded, by way of Cleveland, Ohio; Elmira, New York; Harrisburg, Pennsylvania; and Baltimore, to Washington, where it arrived on the

  eighteenth. A day or two later it crossed the Potomac and marched to Alexandria, where it remained a short time and moved but to Union Mills, which place was reached on the twenty-first. It was supposed that this would be its winter quarters; but on the twenty-ninth it was moved back to Alexandria, and detailed for duty as provost-guard, Lieutenant-Colonel Wells being made provost-marshal of the city. The camp of the regiment was in the suburbs of Alexandria, and here it remained for about four months,--a period which is remembered by the survivors of the regiment as among the most agreeable of any in their war experience. It was while the regiment was stationed at this place that the small newspaper called Our Camp Journal was started,--its editors being Lieutenant H. D. Burch, Lieutenant C. H. Holden, and Henry H. Smith. The first number appeared under date of April 1, 1863, and it was afterwards occasionally issued at several different camps of the regiment.

     One event of a peculiarly, sad nature, however, occurred to cast a gloom over the regiment during its stay, which was the death of Lieutenant Washington W. Burch, of one of the Livingston companies. A notice of the event, and a just tribute to the character of the dead lieutenant, was published in the special correspondence of the Detroit Advertiser and Tribune immediately afterwards, as follows:

     "The saddest incident of all our history as a regiment was the death of First Lieutenant W. W. Burch, of Company B, which occurred on the morning of February 7th. He was a brave, generous, and high-minded officer, and by his gentlemanly bearing had won the admiration of the entire regiment. How much we loved him, and how greatly he had endeared himself to us all, no, words of mine may ever tell. But when our work as soldiers is done, and we are home again, full of the sad and joyous memories of all we have seen and felt and heard, not the least of them will be the recollection of our chivalrous lieutenant, whose pure nature was incapable of wrong."

     On the twentieth of April, 1863, the Twenty-sixth, under marching orders, embarked at Alexandria on board the steamer "Zephyr," and proceeded down the Potomac, bound for an unknown destination. At night the steamer had reached the mouth of the Potomac, and there anchored. In the morning she resumed her way, and that night (April 21st) the regiment was disembarked at Norfolk, Virginia. From this place-on the twenty-second-it proceeded to Suffolk, Virginia, which place was then threatened by the enemy, under General Longstreet. The Twenty-sixth arrived at Suffolk at ten o'clock P.M., and on the following morning made its camp on the western outskirts of the town. It was assigned to duty with the Third Brigade (General Terry), First Division,

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Seventh Army Corps, in the department of General Dix. On Friday, April 24th, the men had their first glimpse of the horrors of actual war, in seeing a large number of wounded brought in from the front past its camp, on their way to the hospital in Suffolk.

     On the sixteenth of May the regiment left its camp at Suffolk and moved out ten miles, to "Deserted House." Here was the New York Sixty-ninth (then under command of Colonel Corcoran), and a number of other regiments. On the twenty-third of May the Twenty-sixth was ordered to the front, and became engaged in a skirmish with the enemy in the vicinity of Windsor. A member of the regiment who was in this fight wrote of it as follows:

     "Our brigade, with two others, went out on a reconnaissance towards Blackwater River. We did not find the enemy in very heavy force, although it was reported that Longstreet had several thousand men in that vicinity. Our pickets had one or two slight skirmishes with the rebels, but without anything disastrous occurring to us. While our men were out on picket the enemy made a charge on our line, at a post where Company A was on duty, near the edge of a narrow strip of woods. The rebels charged through the woods, yelling like ten thousand demons, thinking thus to intimidate our boys, who were now for the first time hearing and seeing 'gray-backs' face to face on the field of battle. But they stood their ground like veterans. When the enemy came in sight of our men, they found they had a foe to contend with 'well worthy of their steel.' Although the enemy outnumbered us three to one, yet on seeing the firmness with which we stood our ground, they thought 'discretion the better part of valor,' and returned back faster than they came; and, as turn about is considered fair play, our men now charged on them, and sent them back again beyond the woods."

     In this affair Captain John C. Culver, of E Company, was mortally Wounded, while in command of a detachment, scouting in the woods outside the picket-line. The ball took effect in his right arm, between the shoulder and elbow, and though it was not at first thought to be dangerous, amputation became necessary, and the brave captain died in the hospital at Suffolk in the afternoon of Sunday, the twenty-fourth of May. By this casualty the command of the company devolved on Lieutenant Hadley, who was immediately afterwards commissioned as its captain. During its stay on the Blackwater the regiment was engaged in another skirmish (June 17th), in which, however, it sustained little or no -loss; and on the nineteenth of June it left Suffolk by rail for Norfolk,
  where  it was embarked the same night on board the steamer "Utica" and, transported to Yorktown, on the Virginia peninsula, where it became a part of the force under General E. D. Keyes. It was disembarked at ten P.M. on Saturday, the twentieth, and on the following Monday was moved out on the road to Williamsburg, which town it passed through on the twenty-third, and camped eight miles beyond. From this place it marched to Cumberland Landing and White House. Moving from the latter place on the first of July, it marched up the Peninsula to the vicinity of Bottom's Bridge, on the Chickahominy, where it remained for eight days on the plantation formerly of ex-President John Tyler. Nothing of much importance happened there, and on the eleventh the regiment, with the other forces of General Keyes' command, reached Yorktown on the return. At eleven o'clock in the evening of the same day the Twenty-sixth embarked on a steamer at Yorktown, destined for Maryland and Pennsylvania, as the officers and men thought; but the opinion proved unfounded. At nine o'clock the next morning it arrived at Washington, and soon after left by railroad for the North. It was now understood that its destination was New York City, being moved there in view of the necessity or using its power to quell the lawless and murderous hordes who were inciting resistance to the military draft. Arriving in New York on the sixteenth it was first quartered in the Park Barracks, then in the old arsenal on White and Centre Streets, and was shortly afterwards moved to Fort Richmond, Staten Island.

     Shortly after the encampment of the Twenty-sixth on Staten Island, three companies (D, E, and G), with a battery, were transported by steamer to Tarrytown, on the Hudson River. Here, at their pleasant "Camp Irving," they remained some two or three weeks, which was a season of great enjoyment, and of very little laborious duty to the soldiers, so that marching orders, when they came, were received with much regret. A member of the command, in writing of the stay at Tarrytown, and the scenes immediately preceding their departure from it, said, "There is not an officer or soldier of our little battalion, or the battery, but has some peculiar and pleasant attachment to Tarrytown. When it was known that we had marching orders, the ladies purchased and presented to the battalion a stand of colors, which presentation was made the occasion of a large patriotic gathering. The Rev. Mr. Wines, presented the flag on behalf of the ladies of Tarrytown, as a pledge of their devotion to their country, and an earnest of their future labors in its cause.

 

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He spoke in flattering terms of the conduct of the soldiers during their brief sojourn at Camp Irving, and was pleased to bear testimony to the intelligence and honor of Michigan soldiers. Rev. Mr. Todd followed in an enthusiastic and powerful speech, and Lieutenant Burch responded on the part of Captain Dailey and the officers and soldiers of his command. In behalf of Captain Dailey and his command, of Colonel Farrar and his regiment, of Governor Blair and the ladies of Michigan, he thanked the patriotic ladies of Tarrytown for the banner, and for the kindness and courtesy they had extended. In the hearts of these officers and soldiers henceforth Tarrytown and its loyal citizens would be canonized. The memory of all they had seen and felt and heard would go with them to their graves. The flag, the ladies, and the speakers were loudly cheered, and our work in Tarrytown was done. Long and pleasantly shall we remember and speak of our visit on the Hudson, of the happy hours we passed in Camp Irving, of the pleasant evenings with the Clevelands, of our sail upon the river in Walter Byron's yacht, of Captain Storm and his kindness, and all the warm hearts and sunny faces of Tarrytown."

     The Twenty-sixth was not called on to perform the duty for which it was transported to New York, and after a very pleasant stay of about three months, mostly passed amid the invigorating breezes of the lower bay, it left on the thirteenth of October, proceeding south by railroad to rejoin the Army of the Potomac. In due time it reached Alexandria, and marched thence to Warrenton, Virginia, where it went into camp, and was assigned to the First Brigade, First Division of the Second Army Corps. On seventh of November the regiment moved thence to Stevensburg, where it again went into camp, and there remained until the twenty-sixth, when it moved forward with the army on the expedition to Mine Run. It crossed the Rapidan at Germania Ford, and reached Robertson's Tavern on the twenty-seventh. On the twenty-ninth it had reached the front of the hostile works at Mine Run. The story of its assault of one of the enemy's positions is thus told by an officer who was present: "Shelling and sharpshooting, skirmishing and reconnoitering are the order, until Sunday morning the twenty-ninth of November, when, dropping down upon the left of the line at White Hall Church, our brigade is thrown in the advance, and, forming into a strong skirmish-line, move forward under Colonel Miles and drive the enemy's pickets to within a mile of his main works, when we are ordered to halt in full view of his line of battle. Colonel Miles, commanding the brigade, Colonel Farrar, of the Twenty-sixth, and Colonel McKean, of the Eighty-first Pennsylvania,
  were repeatedly shelled by the enemy's batteries as they rode out upon the field to reconnoitre. Eighty rods to our front, and between us and the enemy's right, a piece of pine-woods was held by a force
twice our strength, both in numbers and advantage of position. After a half-hour's halt we were ordered to charge the enemy from this position, and to hold the wood with our brigade. To charge across an open field for eighty rods exposed to a raking fire of musketry from the woods and shell from the batteries is no mean work, even for veterans; but the First Brigade knew how to do it, and so across they go with a yell and a will that puts the enemy to flight, and in ten minutes they hold the wood within easy musket range of the rebel intrenchments. Repeatedly they try to dislodge us from this position; but it is worse than useless, for amid the bursting of shells, the hissing of balls, and the falling of boughs, the men of the First Brigade are coolly holding their position, and Colonel Miles is not solicitous about the result. This charge cost us some noble blood. Captain Phillips, of the Eighty-first, is among the killed, and Lieutenant McKinley, of the same regiment, ten of our own, and several from the Sixty-first New York, and other regiments, are wounded. From our great exposure to musketry and shell, it was only the bad practice of the enemy's gunners and infantry that prevented a hundred or more of us from being cut down."

     The Mine Run expedition was but a reconnoissance in force, and upon its completion the Twenty-sixth returned (December 3rd) to its encampment at Stevensburg, where it remained in winter quarters, engaged only in picket duty (and in an expedition to Morton's Ford, February 6th and 7th), until the opening of the historic campaign of the Wilderness in the spring of 1864.

     On the third of May at eleven P.M. the regiment marched away with its brigade from the Stevensburg camp, and took the road to the Rapidan, each man carrying five days' rations and sixty rounds of ammunition It crossed tile river at Ely's Ford on the following day, and at night bivouacked on the old field of Chancellorsville. On the fifth, the march was resumed at an early hour, and by the middle of the afternoon the roar of battle was heard to the southward all along the front. The Twenty-sixth formed in line of battle, but was not engaged during this day. That night, and through the following day, it was employed in throwing up defensive works. On the seventh, Company E was sent out, and met the enemy in some force, but, having driven them a short distance and killed one officer and several men, retired again finding it

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impracticable to hold the position against the superior number of the Confederates. Then the regiment advanced, supported by the One Hundred and Fortieth Pennsylvania, and drove the enemy back , capturing two prisoners and some important dispatches, and losing one man from Company A. On the eighth of May the regiment marched to Todd's Tavern, threw up some works, and then moved out towards Corbin's Bridge, skirmishing and losing one man wounded, after which it retired to the works at Todd's. On the ninth it crossed the Po River, and advanced about two miles to the immediate front of the enemy's line, and there lay on its arms through the night. In the morning of the tenth it covered the crossing of the Po River. On the eleventh it recrossed that stream, reconnoitred the enemy's position, became sharply engaged, and lost eighteen killed and wounded.

     In the memorable and successful assault of the Second Corps on the enemy's works at Spottsylvania, on the twelfth of May, the Twenty-sixth took active and gallant part, charging with the bayonet, fighting hand to hand, capturing two brass guns with their gunners, and being the first regiment to plant its colors on the hostile works. It was also engaged in the desperate fight that followed the assault of the defenses, and assisted in the capture of a large number of guns, colors, and prisoners. In this day's work the loss of the regiment was one hundred and twenty-five killed and wounded and fourteen missing, it being afterwards found that the greater part of those reported missing were among the slain. Following are the lists, as published at the time, of the killed, wounded, and missing from the two Livingston companies of the Twenty-sixth in the slaughter of the twelfth of May.

COMPANY B

Killed

J. W. Wilson
 

Wounded

Charles R. Dutton
Thomas Lister
J. M. Kearney
Watson Lister
James W. Fife
Squire Holt
James D. Burgess
James Waters
Josiah H. Munick
James A. Wilder
Orlando H. Sly
G. E. Farnum
W. S. Holmes
W. H. Dakin
David Frink
J. H. Oaks
James Metcalf
Samuel D. Wood
John Dago

 

COMPANY E

Killed

Samuel B. Appleton
Rufus H. Wines
Eli Rambo
Daniel Meekin
John Olds.
 

Wounded

Lieut. C. E. Grisson
Albert Bates
Edwin Butler
John Bennett
Aaron Slater
B. F. Batcheler
D. E. Hathaway
Nelson T. Hinckley
Sylvester Bates
Joseph Low
Charles E. Royce
Ashley C. Elder
 
Missing
George Petteys
John M. Rice
Newton T. Kirk*

The above lists, being official, are believed to be correct, though it is possible that they are not entirely so, having been made on the field, immediately after the battle.

     On the night of the twentieth of May the regiment left its position at Spottsylvania Court-House and marched to the North Anna River, reaching that line on the twenty-third. The next day it crossed that stream at Jericho Bridge under a heavy artillery fire, and drove the enemy into his works, losing fourteen in killed and wounded. It recrossed the North Anna in the night of the twenty-sixth and marched to the Pamunkey River, which it crossed on the morning of the twenty-eighth, and advanced to a position near Hawes' Shop, which it at once fortified. On the twenty-ninth it moved to a reconnoissance of the enemy's position on Tolopotomoy Creek, in which movement three companies became engaged, and lost four men killed and wounded.

     The regiment reached Cold Harbor on the second of June, and in the fighting of that and the following day lost fifteen wounded and five missing. The following nine days were passed on the skirmish line and in the intrenchments, and during that time the loss of the regiment was ten in killed and wounded. On the thirteenth it moved across the Chickahominy. In the night of the fourteenth it crossed the James near the mansion of Dr. Wilcox, and reached the front of Petersburg in the morning of the sixteenth. On the day of its arrival there, it took part in the assault by which the first line of Confederate rifle-pits were carried. In this attack it lost twelve in killed and


* Mr. N. T. Kirk, the present county clerk of Livingston, was taken prisoner at Spottsylvania, in the battle of that day, and spent some months in Andersonville prison, as is mentioned in another place.

 

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wounded; among the latter (mortally) being its commanding officer, Captain James A. Lothian. Again, on the seventeenth it took part in the assault and capture of a line of works, and lost nine killed and wounded in the charge. On the eighteenth it skirmished with slight loss, and it was a part of the force which sustained and repulsed a determined attack of the enemy on our lines, on the twenty-second, near the Williams House.

     In the morning of the twenty-sixth of July the regiment marched with its brigade to Deep Bottom, where, on the twenty-seventh, it participated in the assault and capture of the enemy's works, with four pieces of artillery and a large number of prisoners. On the following day it was engaged in a reconnoissance from Deep Bottom in the direction of New Market, and on this expedition it attacked and routed a largely superior force of Confederates, and compelled them to take refuge within their fortifications. It was not again seriously engaged until the sixteenth of August, at which time, near White Oak Swamp, it encountered the enemy, and in the sharp action which resulted lost seventeen killed and wounded, and seventeen prisoners, among the latter being Captain Dailey, its commanding officer.

     The Twenty-sixth recrossed to the south side of the James River on the twentieth of August, and on the following day took its place in the lines fronting Petersburg. It moved to the Weldon Railroad on the twenty-second, and energetically worked at destroying the track until the twenty-fifth, when the force was furiously assaulted at Ream's Station by the enemy, and driven from its defenses, which were, however, retaken by a determined charge, in which the Twenty-sixth took part, with considerable loss. From the fifth of September until the ninth of October it was employed in constructing earthworks near the Williams House, but on the latter date moved to a position farther to the right, and from the latter part of October for about five months it was daily employed in picket and fatigue duty in front of the invested city.

     On the twenty-fifth of March, 1865, immediately after the furious Confederate attack on Forts Steadman and Hancock, the Twenty-sixth Regiment, with its brigade, made a charge on the hostile works in its front, carrying a part of the line, and captured a considerable number of prisoners. The brigade occupied this position until the army commenced its flanking movement to the left, when the Twenty-sixth moved as skirmishers in front of the corps during the twenty-ninth, thirtieth, and thirty-first of March, being heavily engaged in skirmishing during a good part of the last-named day. From the first to the fourth
 

of April it was engaged in the pursuit of the retreating enemy, and fighting every day. On the sixth of April the regiment attacked a train of two hundred and sixty wagons loaded with amunition and provisions, all of which were captured.

     At the surrender of General Lee, the Twenty-sixth was in the skirmish line, and the flag of truce, which arranged the terms of the surrender, passed through the regiment's line. "From March 28th until April 9th the regiment had captured over four hundred prisoners, and during that time its losses had been, in killed and wounded, about sixty, or more than one-fourth of its number present for duty; and had often been complimented by the brigade and division commanders as the best skirmishing regiment in the corps." It remained with the brigade at Appomattox for eight days after the surrender, parking the captured artillery and guarding the trains of captured arms and ammunition. It rejoined the army at Burkeville on the eighteenth, and remained there till May 2d, when it proceeded by rail through Richmond and Fredericksburg to Washington, D.C., where it arrived on the thirteenth, and took its place in the grand review of the Army of the Potomac on the twenty-third of May. It was mustered out of service on the fourth of June, reached Jackson, Michigan, on the seventh, and was paid and disbanded on the fourteenth of the same month.


EXPERIENCE OF A SOLDIER OF THE TWENTY-SIXTH AT ANDERSONVILLE


     Among the members of the Twenty-sixth Regiment who were unfortunate enough to fall into the hands of the enemy during the terrible struggle at Spottsylvania on the 12th of May, 1864, and to find their way to the prison-pen at Andersonville, was Newton T. Kirk, of Company E, who spent several months in confinement there. Mr. Kirk (who is the present county clerk of Livingston) has written an account of the experience of himself and fellow-prisoners in that frightful place, and extracts from that account are here given. There were other Livingston County men besides Mr. Kirk who suffered within that hideous inclosure, and his narrative of the atrocities which they there endured in common, cannot fail to be read with interest.

     "This prison," says Mr. Kirk," was located in what has been called the Empire State of the South, on the railroad leading from Macon to Americus, and about sixty miles from the former place. Its location was selected in the latter part of 1863, after the rejection of several places more

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suitable to the health and comfort of the prisoners, and with the intention, as was asserted, of building a pen for the Yankees where they would rot faster than they could be sent. In January, 1864, a stockade was erected of pine-logs, about twenty feet in height, inclosing an area of about seventeen acres; to this was given the name 'Camp Sumter.' In the following July the inclosure was enlarged to afford room for the confinement of an increased number of prisoners, which was accomplished by extending the stockade about forty rods to the north; the work being performed by the inmates of the prison. With the addition, the stockade embraced about twenty-three and a half acres. Across this, from west to east, and about one-third of the distance from the southerly end of the stockade, ran a sluggish stream of water, five or six feet wide, and bordered on the north by a low swamp, embracing an area of perhaps four or five acres. This swamp became in time the receptacle for the offal which naturally drained into it from the surface of the camp, as well as the wash and waste of the camps and cook-houses outside. Outside the stockade, near where the stream entered it; the cook-house was located, and farther up, the rebel guards were accustomed to wash and bathe, while close to the stockade, animals were permitted to die and rot in its waters. This stream was the only place, with the exception of a few shallow wells and springs, from which the prisoners could procure water for general use. When the stream entered the stockade, it was covered with a mantle of filth, grease, and drippings that continually floated upon it when the creek was at its ordinary stage. From this pure and invigorating stream the prisoners drew their main supply of water. Outside the main stockade were two other lines built for defense and protection, in case of attempts to escape on the part of the prisoners; one being twelve, the other sixteen feet in height. The hospital was situated outside the lines, some distance from the southeast corner of the camp, having been erected in June, 1864. There were two entrances to the stockade, both on the westerly side, one north, and the other south of the stream, secured by strongly-constructed gates. It was guarded and garrisoned by rebel troops, whose camps were on the west side. Thirty-five sentry-boxes, well sheltered from sun and rain, were provided for the guards, and placed on the top of the stockade, at intervals of one hundred feet, so that the sentinels could see all that transpired among the prisoners within. On an eminence on the southwest corner, commanding the camp, were forts well supplied with artillery. The country around Andersonville   prison was a thick forest of pines,  the space occupied by the camp having been cleared away for the purpose of its location.

     A crowd of several hundred men, mostly wounded, went into the stockade on the twelfth of July, 1864. [This was the party of which Mr. Kirk was one,--having come there, by wearying and painful stages, from the place of his capture, on the battle-field of Spottsylvania.] We were weak from wounds, and tired and jaded from a ride of more than a thousand miles in crowded cattle- cars; but we were thrust in among thirty thousand prisoners, and left to our fate. The scene within I have not words to describe. It is true that over the gates were not written in so many words 'abandon hope all ye who enter here,' but it was a fact that a fearfully large proportion of those who did enter never passed out alive. The first inquiries of the prisoners were in regard to the cause they loved so well, and for which they were suffering and dying. What of its victories and defeats? Does Father Abraham still live? Does the old flag yet wave? And as listening thousands gathered round, and the stories of the successes and triumphs of the Union arms were repeated, shouts ascended from gladdened hearts, and they rejoiced with exceeding great joy. They suddenly remembered that they were Union soldiers, with higher aims than that of starving and dying in Andersonville. Many had been there for long months. No letters had been received or sent, and they were intensely anxious for news from home. Letters were the soldier's life in our own camps; what joy they would have brought to suffering hearts here! Our detachmen t of several hundreds was directed to a certain part of the stockade-- the northeast corner--where we would find some vacant ground. After a long search we found the point indicated, and proceeded to spread our blankets, but there was hardly room enough for all to lie down at night. After this, I went to the creek for water, and when I returned I could not find my place." The ground was all covered with sleepers, and all looked alike to me. I roused one and another, hoping to find my comrade and blanket, but had to give up the search, and finally camping on an unoccupied corner lot, two feet by six, went to sleep. The next morning I found the object of my search about twenty feet from me. The more I explored this place, the more I disliked it. The tales told of its unhealthfulness were not encouraging to a sickly person, and, reports as to the bill of fare were not satisfactory to a delicate one, and I wanted to go home. But thousands had died with that same cry upon their lips, and my request was not granted.

 

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"During July the weather became hotter and hotter; at midday the sand burned the feet; the skin blistered under the sun's rays, and cracked open, and the flies were then a cruel torment. The loathsome swamp grew in offensiveness with every hour, and disease struck down its miserable victims on every side. During these months of July, August, and September, one could see in every direction numbers of men in the last stages of rotting death. The entire lack of vegetable food caused the scurvy to rage among the men in a frightful manner. The gums would become diseased and rot away, and men with strong, healthy teeth could pull them out with their fingers. The limbs would swell to twice their natural size and become red as blood and almost putrid; yet, in cases as bad as these, I have known a half-bushel of sweet potatoes, eaten raw, to effect almost an entire cure. If we could have had the precious privilege of picking out from the refuse of the kitchen at home the potato-parings, apple-cores, and crusts of bread, hundreds of lives would have been saved to their country and their friends. I knew there in the stockade a German watchmaker from Philadelphia. Knowing that among the rebels were hundreds of old watches that required constant tinkering to keep them in motion, he made for himself some rude tools, and started a shop. His price for cleaning and repairing a watch was twenty dollars, and he took his pay in sweet potatoes at twenty dollars a bushel, Confederate money. He was constantly at work. Watches came to him from every quarter, and sweet potatoes followed. Aside from his own necessities, they were distributed among the suffering, and doubtless hundreds were relieved, and many lives saved, by his industry, skill, and humanity. I had the pleasure of meeting him afterwards in God's Country, and of congratulating him on the good work he was permitted to accomplish.

     "Inside the stockade, parallel with the lines, and about sixteen feet distant, was the 'dead-line,' marked by strips of boards nailed upon upright posts which were planted in the ground at regular intervals. It was rightly named--the line of death; to pass it, to encroach upon the fatal spot beyond, brought the penalty of death to all, without distinction. The purpose of its establishment was to guard the stockade against the approach of the prisoners, either singly or in numbers; and the violation of the rule brought instant punishment. Many a soldier, weary of his wretched life, crazed with hunger, and despairing of release, deliberately crossed the dead line, and from the bullet of the guard met the death he sought. Day by day we heard the crack of the deadly rifle, and the remark would pass along the line that
  another soldier had received his discharge. But the greatest number met their death at the point where the dead-line crossed the creek on the west side. Those wanting water would go to this spot and reach as far up the stream as possible, to get the least filthy water, and as they could reach nearly to the dead-line, this furnished an excuse to such of the guards as were murderously inclined to fire upon them. I think I am not out of the way in saying that for many weeks at least one man a day was killed at this place. The murders became monotonous; we could hear the crack of the gun, and the piercing shriek of the victim, and hundreds of throats would yell out curses and cry, 'Oh, give the rebel a furlough!' It was our firm belief that any guard who shot a  prisoner got a thirty days' furlough. Prisoners whose tents were near this point--this fact giving them a good opportunity for observationhave stated to me that after a soldier had been shot, the particular guard who did it would not be seen on duty again for some weeks.

     "I was at the creek one day for water, and two soldiers, each eager to get the best place for filling their canteens, began crowding and pushing each other. In the scuffle they came near the dead-line (or where it would have been had it been continued across the creek), and in a moment the sound of the rifle was heard, and the poor victim paid a fearful penalty for his thoughtlessness. Most of the guards were very young boys or old men. The more able-bodied were in Lee's or Johnston's army, and the cradle and the grave had been robbed in forming these home regiments. Their ignorance was simply wonderful; they could hardly comprehend that it was any more harm to kill a Yankee than a deer of their own forests. Their minds had been so worked upon by those who wished to create just such impressions, that they believed it was a meritorious act to exterminate them as fast as possible. It seemed to be the aim of those who inaugurated this system of things to use every available means to diminish the number of Union soldiers. The condition of prisoners here was well known to those in high authority, as well as the extreme cruelty of those, "who had charge of them. When the rebel general Winder left the scene of his crimes at Richmond, to take charge of Andersonville, the Richmond Examiner, a paper never suspected of any partiality for Yankees, exclaimed, 'Thank God that Richmond has at last got rid of old Winder! May God have mercy upon those to whom he is sent!' 

     "The life we were compelled to live here was barely endurable. Multitudes died because they

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had nothing to do, nothing to read, nothing to engage their attention but misery and death. Many yielded to the long strain of privations and exposure. Their faculties shrunk under this waiting and longing, until they forgot their companions and regiments, the date of their capture, and finally their very names. Many sunk into this imbecile condition, and had to be carefully guarded by their comrades from running into danger. To our minds the world contained but two grand divisions: the space over which our flag floated we called 'God's Country'; that covered by the Confederate flag was designated by the strongest epithets at the speaker's command. To get from the latter to the former was the highest object of our desires; better be engaged in the most menial services under the Stripes and Stars, than to dwell in the tents of wickedness under the hateful Southern Cross. To take the lowest place in the field would now be a delightful change. We did not care to go home; we would not ask for furloughs, if we could only get to that blessed place within our own lines; once there, there would be no more rumbling at guard duty, no more fault-finding about rations. We would endure cheerfully all the privations that soldier's flesh was heir to. To thousands, hanging on the verge of eternity, this question meant life or death.   

     "Between July 1st and November 1st twelve thousand men died, the most of whom would doubtless have lived had they been able to reach our lines. There were only two ways by which this object could be accomplished,--escape and exchange. And there were so many perils attending the former, and so many failures connected with it, that our hopes were mainly centered on the latter. Every day there came something to build up the hope that exchange was near at hand, and every day brought something to extinguish the hope of the preceding one. Hope deferred maketh the heart sick, and the desponding and sickly sank down and died under these repeated discouragements. We had rumors, from time to time, of Sherman breaking loose from Atlanta, and of his march eastward; and we prayed that his route might take in Andersonville. Our ears were constantly open for the faintest sound that might indicate his approach. There was hardly an hour of the night passed without some one fancying he heard the sound of distant firing. One would jump up and say, 'Now, if I ever heard musketry firing in my life, there's a heavy skirmish line at work, and not more than two or three miles away, either.' Then another would say, 'I don't ever want to get out of here, if that don't sound just like the skirmishing at the Wilderness the  first day of the fight; it rattled exactly as that does
  now.' One night there came two short, sharp peals of thunder, sounding almost precisely like the reports of rifled field-pieces. We sprang up in a frenzy of excitement, but the next peal went off in the usual rumble, and the excitement gradually subsided.

     "A few days later, in the evening of September 6th, the rebel sergeant who called the roll entered the stockade, and addressed the prisoners about as follows: 'I am instructed by General Winder to inform you that a general exchange has been agreed upon; twenty thousand men will be sent immediately to Savannah, where your vessels await you; detachments one to ten will be ready to march early tomorrow morning.' I was in my tent when I first heard the cheering, and hastened over to where the crowd had gathered. The excitement was simply indescribable, and it increased in volume as the crowd increased in numbers. The prisoners had endured their sufferings with manly firmness, but the emotions which sickness and pain could not develop, joy could; and the boys sang and shouted and danced and cried as if in delirium. God's country, fairer than the promised land of Canaan appeared to the rapt vision of the Hebrew prophet, was spread out in the far vista before the mind's eye of every one. It had come!--that which we had dreamed of, longed for, prayed for, schemed, planned, and toiled for, and for which had gone up the last, earnest, dying wish of the thousands of our comrades who would now know no exchange, save into that eternal God's country to which they had gone.

     "In the morning of September 7th several thousands passed out, but our enemies were such measureless liars that many believed that they were only being sent to another stockade, to be out of the way of Sherman's threatened march. On the. seventh, eighth, and ninth of September about ten thousand were sent away; and this gave us more room, so that we could have some exercise. We fervently hoped that our comrades had really been exchanged; that they had carried to our friends in the North some news of our whereabouts and condition; but knowing so well the character of those people we were not greatly surprised when we found our friends in the stockade at Millen, Georgia, about two months later. 

     "As hopes of exchange declined activity in tunneling increased. Escape was a perpetual allurement to those who had some health and strength left; it afforded an opportunity for active possibilities. Far better to die in making the attempt than to starve and rot in inactivity; but we could not but acknowledge. that their plans to guard

 

1880 HISTORY OF LIVINGSTON COUNTY MICHIGAN

105.

against our escape were well-nigh perfect, as was attested by the fact that out of the fifty thousand prisoners who were, from first to last, at Andersonville, only about three hundred and twenty-eight succeeded in getting to our own lines. . . . There were hundreds of patrols, pickets, and guards passing around at all times, watching and guarding every avenue. Several packs of hounds also formed an important part of the establishment of the prison-keepers. The human rebel might be escaped, but it was not so easy a matter to get clear of their canine assistants. One man now living in this county has told me that on one occasion three prisoners (of whom he was one), accompanied by a single guard, went out for wood, when they seized and gagged the guard, and bound him so that he could not give the alarm; then ran for life and liberty, keeping as much as possible along the stream, where the hounds could not follow the scent. After some hours the guard succeeded in getting free, and gave the alarm; the hounds were immediately put upon their track, and when they heard them in close pursuit they separated and took to the trees; but the hounds followed by their masters, soon came up, and the men were brought down. This man was just on the point of getting down from the tree and joining the others, when he thought he would wait until invited to come down. To his great surprise the entire party turned about and retraced their way to the prison camp. As soon as they were out of sight he pursued his way to freedom, and finally succeeded, with much assistance from the colored men, in reaching our lines. We always found the colored people true friends, and there was no corner of the Southern Confederacy so remote but that they had heard of 'Massa Linkum' and his 'mancipation proclamation.'

     "In September an event happened which brought to the minds of all familiar with Bible history the narrative of Moses bringing water from the rock. The stockade was very much crowded, and as there was considerable ground covered by the marsh along the creek that could not be occupied, some of the men asked and obtained permission from the rebel officers to dig down the hill along the dead-line and wheel the dirt down into the marsh, thereby gaining an acre or two of ground, which was afterwards used to very good advantage. They were busily engaged in this work when, deep in the hillside, they struck a fine spring of water, as cool and refreshing to the parched lips of the sick and dying of the prison as the waters of Meribah to the Israelites of the wilderness. The news spread that the waters were bursting forth, and as the maimed and sick crowded round the
  healing pool of Bethesda in Christ's time, so did these sick and dying ones come here for a draught of pure, cold water. So great was the crowd that a police force was organized, and the last who came were obliged to fall in the rear of the line. But there was no need of hurrying, for the water poured forth in a steady, constant, endless flow, fit emblem of the blessings that should flow from the liberties which men were dying to perpetuate.

     "For me, this long period of hoping and watching and waiting finally came to an end early in November. An order came that every man must be at his tent, as the doctors were going to examine and send to our own lines those who would not be fit for future service. The doctors soon came in, and were quickly surrounded by maimed and wounded men, with wounds full of gangrene and limbs swollen almost to bursting with scurvy and dropsy, all of them imploring and beseeching the doctors to send them home before they died. From such a sight I turned away. I thought I had no chance in that crowd, but the sergeant of our ward insisted on the doctors seeing my wounds, and to my great surprise they put my name down for exchange. The next morning the bugle sounded for us to fall in. Our names were called and we were marched out of the stockade and again crowded into the cars. As our train left the depot we could see through the trees the fields where more than thirteen thousand of our soldiers were buried,--victims, not of necessity, but of the inhumanity of those who had them in charge.

     "Our train ran to Macon, and then turned on the road leading to Savannah. We arrived at that city on Sunday morning, November 20, 1864, and were soon drawn up in line on the dock, to sign articles of parole not to take up arms again until duly exchanged. These preliminaries duly arranged, we got on board a small tug and started down the Savannah River to the point where our vessel lay. As we rounded a point in the, river we came in sight of a fort over which our flag floated. Our men, almost frantic with the sight of the stars and stripes, rushed to that side in such numbers that the vessel almost capsized, and the rebel officer drove them back with his sword. We finally arrived in the bay, where we saw our own steamers, laden with clothing for the naked, food for the famishing ones, medicine for the sick and dying, and waiting to convey all to home and friends again. We sprang over the narrow plank that separated the vessels, and were at home. What a night we passed on board that vessel! Men shouted and prayed and sang as if in delirium, and some died, from very joy, Whenever I awoke

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1880 HISTORY OF LIVINGSTON COUNTY MICHIGAN

 

during the night, the voice of singing came to my ear, and my heart joined in the melody. What a delightful sense of comfort and rest we experienced for a few days! Food was given us sparingly, but we knew there was plenty in reserve when we were able to bear it. The day after we came on board we threw our rags into the ocean, and received a new suit of blue. We were then transferred to another vessel and started North. The very elements were propitious, and we had a delightful voyage, singing with glad hearts 'Homeward Bound.' Very few were sea-sick, and about dark on Saturday, November 26, 1864, we reached Annapolis, where our wants were all provided for, and we received everything that our condition required."


MEMBERS OF THE TWENTY-SIXTH INFANTRY FROM
LIVINGSTON COUNTY


Field and staff

Adjutant Charles E., Grisson, Hamburg, April 15, 1864; wounded in battle of Spottsylvania, Virginia, May 12, 1864; promoted to captain, Company A, July 29, 1864.

Adjutant Harris H. Hickock, Howell, first lieutenant and adjutant, July 29, 1864; captain, June 9, 1865; mustered out as adjutant, June 4, 1865.

 

Non-Commissioned Staff

Sergeant-Major Herman Preston, Howell, enlisted September 6, 1862; promoted to second lieutenant, Company H, March 20, 1863.
Sergeant-Major William G. Smith, Hartland, promoted to second lieutenant, Company E, May 24, 1863.
Sergeant-Major Lupton C. Culver, Hamburg, discharged for disability, May 4, 1864.
Sergeant-Major Charles S. Fall, Hamburg, honorably discharged June 4, 1865.
Principal Musician Valdmer Grisson, Hamburg, honorably discharged June 4, 1865.
 

Company A

Captain Charles E. Grisson, Hamburg, July 29, 1864; brevet major United States Volunteers for gallant and meritorious services in the field; mustered out April 19 1866.
 

Company B

Captain Stephen B. Burch, Pinckney, August 27, 1862; discharged for disability, April 15, 1864.
Captain Lucius H. Ives, Unadilla, April 26, 1864; promoted to major, March 7, 1865; mustered out as captain, June 4, 1865.
First Lieutenant Washington W. Burch, Pinckney, August 13, 1862; died at Alexandria, Virginia, February 7, 1863.
First Lieutenant Lucius H. Ives, Unadilla, February 7, 1863; promoted to captain,
April 26, 1864, Company B.
First Lieutenant Thomas C. Chase, Iosco, June 26, 1864; promoted to captain; mustered out as first lieutenant, June 4, 1865.
Second Lieutenant Lucius H. Ives, Unadilla, August 22, 1862; promoted to first lieutenant, February 7, 1863.
Second Lieutenant Thomas C. Chase, Iosco, February 7, 1863; promoted to first lieutenant, June 26, 1864.
Sergeant Thomas C. Chase, Iosco.

 

Sergeant Albert W. Messenger,  Iosco.
Sergeant Enos S. Steadman, Unadilla, enlisted August 6, 1862; taken prisoner in action at Deep Bottom, Virginia, August 16, 1864; died of starvation in Salisbury prison-pen,
December 12, 1864.

Sergeant C. Henry Smith, Putnam, enlisted August 6, 1862; died at Washington, May 27, 1864, of wounds received at Spottsylvania, Virginia, May 12, 1864.

Corporal Samuel H. Martin, Putnam, promoted to sergeant; honorably discharged June 4, 1865.

Corporal Charles R. Dutton,        Iosco, killed in action near Petersburg, Virginia, June 17, 1864.

Corporal Andrew J. Rounds, Marion, discharged October 14, 1863.

Corporal Thomas J. Hayes, Unadilla, died of disease at home, March 16, 1864.

Corporal Henry Arnold, Putnam, discharged for disability, October 27, 1863.

 

Privates

Ira P. Annis, Putnam, enlisted August 3, 1862; died at Alexandria, Virginia, March 17, 1863, of disease.

Henry A. Kay, Putnam, enlisted August 3, 1862; honorably discharged May 22, 1865.

William Anderson, Putnam, enlisted August 3, 1862; discharged for disability, June 19, 1863.

Burdick J. Abbott, Iosco, enlisted August 3, 1862; honorably discharged June 4, 1865.

George W. Barton, Unadilla, enlisted August 3, 1862; transferred to Company G.

William E. Burns, Iosco, enlisted August 3, 1862; discharged for disability, June 2, 1863.

James D. Burger, Putnam, enlisted August 3, 1862; honorably discharged June 4, 1865.

Myron J. Chalker, Unadilla, enlisted August 16, 1862; died of disease at Stevensburg, Virginia, January 14, 1864.

George W. Chalker, Putnam, enlisted August 6, 1862; honorably discharged June 4, 1865.

John G. Chalker, Putnam, enlisted August 15, 1862; honorably discharged June 4, 1865.

William S. Chalker, Putnam, enlisted August 16, 1862; honorably discharged June 4, 1865.

And. J. Chovin, Iosco, enlisted August 11, 1, 1862; died of disease at Yorktown, Virginia, July 16, 1863.

Edwin B. Easton, Unadilla, enlisted December 28, 1863; killed in action near Petersburg, Virginia, June 17, 1864.

George E. Farnham, Putnam, enlisted January 4, 1864; honorably discharged May 22, 1865.

George P. Foster, Iosco enlisted August 9, 1862; died of disease at Alexandria, Virginia,
March 16, 1863.
George R. Finch, Iosco, enlisted August 11, 1862; discharged for disability,
October 27, 1863.

Wilkinson Green, Iosco, enlisted August 13, 1862; honorably discharged June 4, 1865.

Henry O. Green, Unadilla, enlisted August 6, 1862; honorably discharged June 4, 1865.

Orrin Green, Unadilla, enlisted August 6, 1862; mustered out July 13, 1865.

Richard B. Garrison, Unadilla, enlisted August 7, 1862; killed in action at North Anna, Virginia, May 24, 1864.

William S. Holmes, Unadilla, enlisted August 7. 1862; discharged by order, May 18, 1865.

Edward A. House, Handy, enlisted August 11, 1862; discharged by order, May 13, 1864.

Russell Hastings, Iosco, enlisted August 18, 1862; honorably discharged May 22, 1865.

John M. Kearney, Putnam, enlisted August 7, 1862; sergeant; honorably discharged
June 4, 1865.

And. S. Lobdell, Putnam, enlisted August 20, 1862; discharged April 9, 1863.

Hiram D. Lee, Putnam, enlisted August 14, 1862; honorably discharged June 4, 1865.

Watson Lister, Iosco, enlisted August 13, 1862; honorably discharged June 4, 1865.

 

1880 HISTORY OF LIVINGSTON COUNTY MICHIGAN

107.

Thomas Lister, Iosco, enlisted February 24, 1864; died August 7, 1864, of wounds received at Spottsylvania.

Francis J. Lincoln, Unadilla, enlisted August 21, 1862; transferred to Company G; died of disease at Hampton, Virginia, June 26, 1863.

Charles Lockwood, Iosco, enlisted August 14, 1862; honorably discharged June 4, 1865.

Wesley H. Mosier, Iosco, enlisted August it, 1862; died of disease at Tompkins Centre, Michigan, October 14, 1864.

Jedediah Miner, Iosco, enlisted August 15, 1862; honorably discharged June 4, 1865.

Henry Mills, Putnam, enlisted August 6, 1862; discharged for disability, January 30, 1863.

Asher G. Miller, Putnam, enlisted January 4, 1864; mustered out June 24, 1865.

James Metcalf, Putnam, enlisted August 14, 1862; killed May 12, 1864, in battle of Spottsylvania, Virginia.

Isaac S. McIntosh, Unadilla, enlisted August 15, 1862; died of disease at Yorktown, Virginia, July 7, 1863.

James Moore, Unadilla, enlisted August 8, 1862; transferred to Invalid Corps; mustered out
July 3, 1865.

James J. Mann, Putnam, enlisted August 15, 1862; died August 19, 1864, Of Wounds received at Cold Harbor, Virginia.

Josiah Minick, Putnam, enlisted August 6, 1862; killed April 7, 1865, in action at
Farmville, Virginia.

Frank C. Martin, Putnam, enlisted August 21, 1862; died of disease at Fortress Monroe, September 3, 1863.

John P. Miller, Iosco, enlisted August 22, 1862; discharged June 1, 1863.

John H. Oaks, Iosco, enlisted August 9, 1862; honorably discharged June 4, 1865.

Seth Porter, Unadilla, enlisted August 15, 1862; honorably discharged June 4, 1865.

Andrew Robinson, Putnam, enlisted August 15, 1862; discharged for disability,
November 10, 1863.

Lewis H. Sweet, Handy, enlisted August 20, 1862; honorably discharged June 9, 1865.

Augustus It. Stiles, Unadilla, enlisted August 14, 1862; honorably discharged June 4, 1865.

George Strayer, Marion, enlisted August 8, 1862; sergeant; honorably discharged
June 4, 1865.

Daniel Sprague, Unadilla, enlisted August 7, 1862; honorably discharged June 4, 1865.

Thomas E. Allison, Putnam, enlisted August it, 1862; died of wounds received at Spottsylvania, Virginia, May 12, 1864.

James Waters, Iosco, enlisted August 9, 1862; killed in action at Spottsylvania, Virginia,
May 12, 1864.

John W. Willson, Iosco, enlisted August 9, 1862; killed in action at Spottsylvania, Virginia, May 12, 1864.

James A. Wilder, Putnam, enlisted August 11, 1862; killed May 12, 1864, in action at Spottsylvania.

George J. Wilhelm, Iosco, enlisted August 9, 1862; honorably discharged May 31, 1865.

 

Company C

First Lieutenant John M. Royce, Hamburg, October 1, 1864; promoted to captain, June 9, 1865; mustered out as first lieutenant.

 

Company G

Francis J. Lincoln, died of disease at Hampton, Virginia, June 26, 1863.

Lewis E. Whitaker, Oceola, enlisted November 21, 1862; transferred to Invalid Corps; discharged June 17, 1865.

Isaac McIntosh, died of disease at Yorktown, Virginia, July 7, 1863.

 

Company H

Second Lieutenant Heman Preston, Howell, March 20. 1861; discharged for disability, December 3, 1863.

 

Private Loomis Dillingham, Conway, enlisted August 20, 1862; died of disease, January 12, 1864, at Stevensburg, Virginia.

 

Company I

First Lieutenant Thomas J. Thompson, Hamburg, January 2, 1865; mustered out
June 4, 1865.

Second Lieutenant John M. Royce, Hamburg, April 13, 1864; promoted to first lieutenant, Company C, October 1, 1864.

Second Lieutenant Thomas J. Thompson, Hamburg, November 17, 1864; promoted to first lieutenant, Company I, January 1865.

 

Company E

Captain John C. Culver, Hamburg, August 21, 1862; died at Suffolk, Virginia, May 24, 1863, of wounds received in action near Windsor, Virginia, May 23, 1863.

First Lieutenant Charles E. Grisson, Hamburg, May 24, 1863; promoted to adjutant
April 15, 1864.

Second Lieutenant Charles E. Grisson, Hamburg, September 1, 1862; promoted to first lieutenant.

Second Lieutenant William G. Smith, Hartland, May 24, 1863; promoted to first lieutenant; resigned June 26, 1864.

Second Lieutenant Albert W. Messenger, Iosco, December 5, 1864; sergeant, Company B; mustered out June 4, 1865.

Sergeant William G. Smith, Hartland, enlisted August 14, 1862; promoted to sergeant-major April 23, 1863.

Sergeant Robert Howlett, Hamburg, enlisted August 4, 1862; transferred to Invalid Corps September 1, 1863.

Sergeant Henry H. Bishop, Hamburg, enlisted August 4, 1862; honorably discharged
June 2, 1865.

Sergeant John M. Royce, Hamburg, enlisted August 4, 1862; promoted to second lieutenant, Company I, April 13,1864.

Corporal Heman Preston, Howell, enlisted August 14, 1862; transferred to Company K and promoted to sergeant-major.

Corporal Charles Purdy, Jr., Hartland, enlisted August 11, 1862; discharged to accept promotion in United States Colored Troops.

Corporal Philo B. Wines, Howell, enlisted August 8, 1862; mustered out June 30, 1865.

Corporal William Gregg, Hamburg, enlisted August 15, 1862; discharged for disability,
July 31, 1863.

Corporal Thomas J. Thompson, Hamburg, enlisted August 4, 1862; promoted to second lieutenant, Company 1, November 17, 1864.

Corporal Newton T. Kirk, Hartland, enlisted August 11, 1862; sergeant; commissioned in United States Colored, Infantry.

Corporal Myron Kriesler, Genoa, enlisted August 12, 1862; discharged for disability, October 26, 1863.

 

Privates

Jos. Abbott, Hamburg, enlisted August 8, 1862; died of disease at Alexandria, March 12, 1863.

Edwin D. Alger, Cohoctah, enlisted August 22, 1862; honorably discharged June 4, 1865.

Samuel B. Appleton, Hamburg, enlisted August it, 1862; killed in action at Spottsylvania.

Benjamin F. Bachelor, Oceola, enlisted August it, 1862; promoted into United States Colored Infantry.

Jerome M. Baker, Hamburg, enlisted August 5, 1862, honorably discharged June 4, 1865.

Albert Bates, Tyrone, enlisted August 14, 1862; honorably discharged June 4, 1865.

Sylvester Bates, Deerfield, enlisted August 14, 1862; discharged for disability, May 13, 1865.

Mark Barnard, Hamburg, enlisted August 5, 1862; honorably discharged June 4, 1865.

Albert Burnett, Green Oak, enlisted August it, 1862; honorably discharged June 4, 1865.

James Burnett, Hamburg, enlisted August 14, 1862; died of disease at Fort Richmond, New York, October 14, 1863.

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1880 HISTORY OF LIVINGSTON COUNTY MICHIGAN

 

Benjamin Buffum, Hamburg, enlisted August 12, 1862; died of disease at Jackson, Michigan, November 18, 1862.

Edwin D. Butler, Hamburg, enlisted August 15, 1862; discharged for disability,
January 9, 1865.

Max. A. Buck, Hamburg, enlisted August 9, 1862; honorably discharged June 4, 1865.

Eugene A. Briggs, Cohoctah, enlisted August 14, 1862; discharged for disability,
September 13, 1863.

John J. Bradley, Hartland, enlisted August 21, 1862; discharged for disability, July 26, 1863.

Leander F. Brown, Cohoctah, enlisted August 16, 1862; honorably discharged June 4, 1865.

Melvin Brookfield, Cohoctah, enlisted August 22, 1862; died of disease at Washington,
March 10, 1863.

Nathan Clark, Genoa, enlisted August 22, 1862; honorably discharged June 9, 1865.

Lanson E. Clark, Hartland, enlisted August 15, 1862; honorably discharged June 4, 1863.

Webster K. Cole, Oceola, enlisted August 14, 1862; honorably discharged June 4, 1865.

Lupton C. Culver, Hamburg, enlisted August is, 1862; promoted to sergeant-major,
May 24, 1863.
Stephen C. Culver, Hamburg, enlisted August 15, 1862; died of disease at Washington,
July 23, 1863.

Lewis Cobley, Marion, enlisted August 21, 1862; discharged for disability, February 16, 1865.

Hiram DeWolf, Hamburg, enlisted August 11, 1862; honorably discharged June 4, 1865.

Elias Durfee, Hartland, enlisted August 14, 1862; honorably discharged June 4, 1865.

John Duffy, Green Oak, enlisted August 5, 1862; honorably discharged June 4, 1865.

Adolph Engle, Putnam, enlisted August 9, 1862; honorably discharged Jane 4, 1865.

Hiram C. Elliott, Handy, enlisted August it, 1862; discharged for disability,
September 2, 1863.
Charles S. Fall, Hamburg, enlisted August 6, 1862; promoted to sergeant-major,
January 18, 1865.

James W. Fulton, Green Oak, enlisted August 5, 1862,, honorably discharged June 4, 1865.

Frederick N. Galloway, Howell, enlisted August 15, 1862; corporal; promoted into 27th Infantry.

William Gilbert, Conway, enlisted August 7, 1862; died of disease at Jackson, Michigan, September 16, 1862.

Valdmer Grisson, Hamburg, enlisted February 9, 1864; promoted to principal musician,
April 1, 1865.

Harris H. Hickock, Howell, enlisted August 20, 1862; promoted to first lieutenant and adjutant, July 29, 1864.

Nelson T. Hinckley, Hamburg, enlisted August 8, 1862; honorably discharged June 4, 1865.

Thomas Hall, Oceola, enlisted August 14, 1862; honorably discharged June 4, 1865.

William H. Halleck, Hamburg, enlisted August 14, 1862; promoted into United States Colored Troops September 10, 1864.

 

Dwight E. Hathaway, Hartland, enlisted August 25, 1862; honorably discharged June 4, 1865.

Ira M. Hardy, Oceola, enlisted August 18, 1862; honorably discharged June 4, 1865.

Araswell Lamb, Hartland, enlisted August 14, 1862; discharged for disability, April 11, 1864.

George W. Lake, Howell, enlisted August 8, 1862; died at City Point, Virginia, September 8, 1864, of wounds received at Ream's Station, Virginia, August 25, 1854.

James B. Litchfield, Cohoctah, enlisted August 22, 1862; honorably discharged June 4, 1865.

Selah Mapes, Tyrone, enlisted August 14, 1862; died of disease at Fort Richmond, New York, November 23, 1863.

Andrew J. McKean, Howell, enlisted, August 15, 1862; honorably discharged June 10, 1865.

Robert S. Mountain, Howell, enlisted August 17, 1862; honorably discharged June 4, 1865.

Daniel McKean, Deerfield, enlisted October 7, 1862; killed in action at Spottsylvania, Virginia, May 12, 1864.

John T. Olds, Conway, enlisted August 14, 1862; prisoner from May to November, 1864; mustered out June 20, 1865.

Isaac Page, Howell, enlisted August 7, 1862; discharged for disability, February  3, 1865.

George Pettys, Hamburg, enlisted August 21, 1862; killed in action at Spottsylvania, Virginia, May 12, 1864.

Frank Pettys, Hamburg, enlisted August 16, 1862; died of disease, February 2, 1863, at Alexandria, Virginia.

Edgar L. Rathbun, Oceola, enlisted August 14, 1862; honorably discharged June 4, 1865.

Eli Rambo, Howell, enlisted August 14, 1862; killed in action, May 11, 1864, at
Po River, Virginia.

David Spaulding, Deerfield, enlisted October 15, 1862; honorably discharged June 4, 1865.

Allen B. Springstein, Deerfield, enlisted August 14, 1862; mustered out in Arkansas,
June 25, 1865.

Aaron B. Slater, Handy, enlisted August 7, 1862; killed in action at Spottsylvania, Virginia, May 12, 1864.

Delos Stimson, Putnam, enlisted August 6, 1862; honorably discharged June 4, 1865.

John W. Sweeny, Hamburg, enlisted August 20, 1862; honorably discharged June 3, 1865.

John W. Tompkins, Howell, enlisted August 22, 1862; discharged for disability,, May 15, 1865.

Harvey P. Wing, Howell, enlisted August 8, 1862; honorably discharged May 26, 1865.

Josiah W. Willis, Hamburg, enlisted August 5, 1862; honorably discharged June 4, 1865.

Martin Woll, Howell, enlisted August 8, 1862; transferred to Invalid Corps,
September 30, 1863.
George. E. Wright, Howell, enlisted August 8, 1862; discharged for disability,
January 2, 1865.

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