Charles Sands Galloway

Born:  16 Sep 1830
Died:16 Apr 1883 in NY

Father:
Zachariah DuBois Galloway
Mother: Catherine Thompson

Brothers:
Thomas Galloway
John Augustus Galloway
William Thompson Galloway
Albert F. Galloway

Sisters:
Catherine Elizabeth Galloway
Elsy Ann Galloway
Ellen Jane Galloway

Married: Emma J. Romer 11 Dec 1866

Children:
Ada K. Galloway 1869-14 Aug 1915
Carrie E. Galloway 1871
Lillian Galloway
Emmy Galloway 1874
Bertie Galloway 1877
Hattie Galloway 1879
Elizabeth A. Galloway abt. 1881
  Charles Sands Galloway, Private Company D, 8th Maine Infantry Regiment

Of the 20 known Union Civil War Veterans that are descendants of the John
Galloway (1700) family, the military service of Charles Sands Galloway has
been one of the most complicated to document.

On March 3, 1863 the Enrollment Act was passed, this was the first effective
draft by the federal government. The Enrollment Act called for men ages
eighteen to forty-five to register with their local militia units and be
available for national service.

Each state was responsible for the draft and usually relied on lottery
systems. To meet the demand for troops, each state had to fill a quota based
on its population. The number of volunteers from a state would be subtracted
from its quota, and the difference would be made by conscription. If a
draftee volunteered, he was eligible to collect a bounty of $100 from the
federal government plus additional bounties from the state and local
communities. These bounties or enlistment rewards could exceed $500, well
above the average yearly wage in those days.

A draftee could also gain an exemption by paying $300 or by hiring a
substitute.

After participating in the Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania in July of 1863
the 8th Maine Infantry Regiment, organized September 7, 1861, was in need of
replacements. The state of Maine to meet the demand for troop replacements
had to draft men into the army.

On October 8, 1863 Maine resident, Wallace Lee, aged 37, was drafted as a
private into Company D, 8th Maine Infantry Regiment as one of the troop
replacements. After again reaching regimental strength the 8th Maine Infantry
would participate in dozens of major battles over the next two years. Many of
these battles would become almost as famous as the one it participated in at
Gettysburg, for instance the Battle of Cold Harbor and Petersburg, Virginia.
Their last battle being fought on April 9, 1865, the very day that General
Lee surrenders to General Grant at Appomattox, Virginia.

Of the 1636 men that served with the 8th Maine Infantry Regiment from the
time it was organized on September 7, 1861 until its muster date on January
18, 1866 there were 381 men of 8th Maine that made the supreme sacrifice.

On December 11, 1866, nearly a year after the surviving men of the 8th Maine
Infantry Regiment are mustered out, Charles Sands Galloway is married to Emma
J. Romer.
Charles and Emma Galloway would become parents of seven children, all girls.

Charles Sands Galloway was born September 16, 1830 and would pass away in New
York State on April 16, 1883. Charles would leave a wife with seven small
children, oldest being only about 14 and the youngest about 2 years old.


In June of 1886 the widow of Charles Sands Galloway living in New York State,
Emma J. Galloway, would start receiving a Widows Pension for the service of
Charles Sands Galloway, alias Wallace Lee.

It would appear that Wallace Lee hired Charles Sands Galloway to serve as his
substitute in Company D, 8th Maine Infantry Regiment from October 8, 1863
until he mustered out on January 18, 1866.

Of the 20 Galloway cousins that were all Union Civil War Veterans, Charles
Sands Galloway appears to have been the only one to serve as a substitute for
some else. Also he was probably the only one to serve in a Maine Regiment.
The other 19 Galloway men served in regiments from Kentucky, Ohio, Michigan,
New Jersey, New York, and Wisconsin.

from JanGalloway@aol.com